The American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 (Christoph Rupprecht)

FEAST HQ WG6_Publications

The American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 was held in Washington D.C. from April 3rd to 7th, 2019, which the FEAST team of Christoph Rupprecht (FEAST Senior Project Researcher), Mai Kobayashi (FEAST Project Researcher) and Daniel Niles (RIHN Associate Professor/FEAST member) had an opportunity to join and present the research outputs. You can find Rupprecht’s abstract below (the others’ are in “WG3 Publications and Outputs”). The blog post is also available from this link. Whose social infrastructure? Young children’s green space access during daycare in aging Japan Christoph Rupprecht Access to green space is vital for children’s physical and mental health. However, many urban daycare centers in Japan struggle …

The American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 (Mai Kobayashi, Daniel Niles)

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

The American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 was held in Washington D.C. from April 3rd to 7th, 2019, which the FEAST team of Christoph Rupprecht (FEAST Senior Project Researcher), Mai Kobayashi (FEAST Project Researcher) and Daniel Niles (RIHN Associate Professor/FEAST member) had an opportunity to join and present the research outputs. You can find their abstracts (except for Rupprecht’s in “WG6 Publications and Outputs“). The blog post is also available from this link. Meat in a post-development world: insights from Bhutan Mai Kobayashi With Gross National Happiness a globally recognized concept, one could say Bhutan is an experimental laboratory for post-development theories. In an effort to meet Bhutan’s socio-cultural, …

FEAST at the American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 in Washington, DC (Christoph Rupprecht, Project Senior Researcher)

FEAST HQ Conference and Symposium, Report

After our five sessions on food system transitions at the AAG 2017, and our sessions on “Mapping urban food production” and  “The other food system(s)” at the AAG 2018, visiting and presenting at the AAG has now become a bit of a tradition for FEAST. So, in 2019 another team of FEAST and friends went to Washington DC to meet, listen to and present to thousands of researchers from all around the world – this year without any organized sessions. Mai Kobayashi joined a session on Cultural Landscapes, where her presentation “Meat in a post-development world: insights from Bhutan” discussed the changing landscape of food choices and access in Bhutan, …

An Article by the Mitsubachi Team published on Kyoto Shimbun (2019/8/14)

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

An article “Co-designing the future with honeybees” by the Mitsubachi Team was published on Kyoto Shimbun (Evening Edition) as a serial article of “RIHN Field Notes” on the 14th of August, 2019. The following is the original full text in Japanese. 上賀茂発 地球研フィールドノート(連載)⑤ミツバチと共に未来を作る:生態系へ視野広げ 優しい街に(真貝理香、マキシミリアン・スピーゲルバーグ、クリストフ・ルプレヒト) 今年4月の仏パリのノートルダム大聖堂の火災の折、聖堂屋上で飼育されていた三つの巣箱のミツバチが無事であったというニュースを聞いて、「そんなところで養蜂?」と驚いた人もいるかもしれない。パリは、都市養蜂が盛んで、オペラ座屋上の養蜂も有名だ。ヨーロッパにおいては一般に、ミツバチは極めて身近な生き物で、ドイツでは、「ミツバチは大事な昆虫」であるということを、小学生の頃から学ぶ。また、街の公園にもミツバチの巣箱が置かれたり、スーパーには、必ず地元産のハチミツが売られたりしている。 ミツバチを含め、ポリネーターと呼ばれる花粉媒介昆虫は、生態系の中で、極めて重要な役割を担う。農作物の受粉はもとより、樹木の受粉、すなわち森の涵養にも寄与するからだ。近年の、世界的なミツバチや昆虫減少のニュースを受け、今春、ドイツのバイエルン州では、「Rettet die Bienen(ミツバチを救え)」の名のもとに、「昆虫保護法」請願運動が市民から起こり、175万人︎もの署名が集まった。請願で提案された法案は7月に州議会で採決され、その内容は、農薬不使用農地の拡大や、蜜源植物の確保、川や水路を農薬・肥料の汚染から守るといった様々な政策を含むものであった。こうした運動の背景には、昆虫保護が人々の生活にも直結するという市民の共通認識があったと言えよう。 <養蜂通じ緑化推進> われわれ3人は、人間とミツバチ、環境との関わりを社会科学的な側面から調査研究しているが、残念ながら、日本の学校教育では、ミツバチについて詳しい学習をする機会はあまりないようだ。日本には、野生のニホンミツバチと、明治期に導入されたセイヨウミツバチの2種が存在するが、セイヨウミツバチの方が採蜜量が格段に多いため、市販のハチミツのほとんどは、セイヨウミツバチによるものだ。そのことを知っている人も少ないのではないだろうか。私たちは京都市民を対象に、ミツバチや昆虫に関する意識調査を実施したことがあるが、アンケート結果から得られた一般市民の意識は、やはり「ハチは怖い」「ムシは嫌い」であった。一方で、養蜂家を対象とした調査では、実に多くが「ミツバチから、今まで気づかなかった自然や生態系について様々なことを学んだ」と、回答している。ミツバチのことを学び、ミツバチの目で社会をみると、身近な花々や街路樹や森の植生、さらにはミツバチ以外の昆虫や鳥類との関係など、今まで見えなかった生態系が見えて来る。近年日本でも、ミツバチ・プロジェクトと呼ばれる養蜂を通じた環境学習、緑化推進、ハチミツの地域・プロジェクトブランディングなどが、各地で行われるようになった。 <人間も住みやすい> 一般にミツバチ・プロジェクトでは、セイヨウミツバチが飼育されることが多いが、京都市中京区役所の屋上では、ニホンミツバチが飼育されている。私たち地球研でも、今春より、2群のニホンミツバチを飼育し始めた。ニホンミツバチは、活動半径が約2キロと小さく、蜜源不足など、生息に不適な状況が起こると、新たな巣の場所を探し逃去するという性質を持つため、環境指標としても有効だからだ。ニホンミツバチは、もともと山間部に多く生息するが、都市部においては、河川敷の雑草や街路樹、雑木の小さな蜜源植物にも訪花する。四方を山に囲まれた京都市では、京都御苑を中心に多くの寺社、府立植物園などもある。古都京都の花々を、ミツバチが訪れる風景を想像するのは楽しいが、その群が周年に渡って生存するためには、春〜秋にかけて次々と、絶えず花が咲く環境が必要で、これはまさに、生物多様性にもつながっていく。また、ミツバチや他の昆虫にとっても害となる農薬使用をゼロに近く減らしていくことも重要になる。気候変動がもたらす夏の酷暑もミツバチには強敵で、ヒートアイランドを軽減する緑豊かな環境は、ミツバチにとっても人間にとっても住みやすい環境なのだ。 昨年来、私たちは「京都をミツバチに優しい街に」というフレーズのもと、セミナーやワークショップなど、様々な活動を市民の皆さんと行ってきた。その中で重要としてきたのは、ミツバチや昆虫への意識を高めること、そしてミツバチをシンボルとしつつも、そこから広がる生態系へのビジョンを、農業や緑化を含めた街づくりへと展開することであった。ミツバチに関わる事象は、「他人事」ではなく、すべての人の「自分事」である。ミツバチよって開かれた目が、大小さまざまな活動となり声となり、社会や政策にもつながっていくことを願っている。第2水曜に掲載します。

Talk about Anthropocene and Transition Town at the Kagoshima University Symposium (Kazuhiko Ota, Project Researcher)

FEAST HQ Conference and Symposium, Report, WG2

An industry-academia-government collaborative symposium “Think about how to live the future of Kagoshima – the ecological theory in the Anthropocene –” (English title is not official) was held at Korimoto Campus of Kagoshima University on July 6th, 2019 where I was given an opportunity to introduce about Anthropocene and Transition Town. The participants included the students from the Faculty of Law at Kagoshima University and many citizens who were interested in the topic. You might have already heard of or seen the term “Anthropocene” as in the sub-title of the symposium somewhere, maybe at some events of RIHN. It refers to a geological epoch – the environmental transformation caused by …

Ecological Footprint Research Data on WWF&GNF Report

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A report “Kankyou to Mukiau Machizukuri – Nihon no Ecological Footprint 2019 – (Community development striving for better environment – Ecological Footprint in Japan 2019 – (English title is not official)” co-authored by WWF Japan and Global Foot Print Network was published on  July 26th, 2019. Global environmental issues stem largely from our daily consumer activity. Nonetheless, we fail to relate to and understand it as we often lack a tool to do so. This report articulately shows “ecological footprint” as “a tool to visualize and quantify the impacts that local communities place on the environment” (p.3 -translated from Japanese). FEAST provided the analytical data of the ecological footprint for …

International Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture in Nagano: Transitioning to Agroecology (Steven McGreevy, Project Leader)

FEAST HQ Conference and Symposium, Events, Report, WG2, WG3

I have been working closely with members of the Nagano Agriculture and Food Association (NAGANO農と食の会) and Food Policy Council Obuse (OBUSE食と農の未来会議) for almost a year now, discussing ways to envision sustainable food futures and enact food policy toward their realization. One refreshing aspect of working with these groups is that the concept of agroecology widely understood and the need to enact agroecological food systems is a given. However, even though Nagano Prefecture is one of the leading agricultural prefectures in Japan, organic agriculture and agroecology are not widely practiced or recognized. When we learned of the possibility of bringing Miguel Altieri and Clara Nicholls (University of California-Berkeley) to Nagano to …

FEAST Session at GRF2019 in Hong Kong

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications, WG3_Publications, WG6_Publications

From June 26th to 29th, 2019, “2019 Hong Kong Global Research Forum on Sustainable Production and Consumption” was organized at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. At GRF, Steven McGreevy, FEAST project leader, chaired two sessions “Session 2d: Changing Personal and Public Consumption: Experiences and Movements (S-15)” on the 27th and “Session 4a: Food Futures in Asia: Imagining and Experimenting with Post-Growth Food Procurement and Consumption to Redefine Rural-Urban Linkages (S-06)” as well as Keynotes session also on the 29th. And, FEAST team gave presentations at the session on the 29th as follows. Session title: Food futures in Asia: imagining and experimenting with post-growth food procurement and consumption …

“International Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture: Voices from Shinshu” in Nagano

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

On June 2nd, 2019, “International Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture: Voices from Shinshu” was held at Kinrou Josei Kaikan Shinanoki in Nagano City, Nagano Prefecture. Following the opening remarks by Mr. Takuei Katsuyama, Director of Nagano-ken Yuki Nougyou Kenkyukai, and a talk by Prof. Steven McGreevy, FEAST Project Leader, “Environmentally and economically sustainable Shinshu: Food and agriculture”, Prof. Miguel Altieri from University of California, Berkeley gave a keynote speech “Why agroecology now?”. He introduced various cases of agroecological practices in Latin America such as application of allelopathy in lieu of plastic mulch. The following panel discussion started off with Ms. Erika Saito’s self-introduction who started organic farming in Matsumoto City after …

FEAST session at WSSF2018

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications

World Social Science Forum (WSSF) 2018 was organized in Fukuoka, Japan for four days from Sept 25th to 28th. FEAST organized four sessions, one of which “CS4-05: Using game-based methods for sustainability transformations : lessons from practice and theory” on the 28th involved around the research outputs of WG2 and the FEAST members and its friends made the following six presentations. Session Abstract: Chair: Kazuhiko Ota Transition towards a sustainable society is hindered by a complexity of interactions among different societal components, conflicting values and interests, a sense of resistance to change, uncertainty about the future, various strategies that conflict against one another, and difficulty in finding an appropriate intervention …

FEAST sessions at WSSF2018

FEAST HQ WG6_Publications

World Social Science Forum (WSSF) 2018 was organized in Fukuoka, Japan for four days from Sept 25th to 28th. FEAST organized four sessions, three of which “CS03-02: The wild food basket: recreating urban and rural ecosystems as food sources” on the 25th, “CS4-07: Building a new food economy in Japan through sharing, collaboration, and commoning” on the 26th and “CS1-03: Lifeworlds of Sustainability and Wellbeing in a Shrinking Japan” on the 28th involved around the research outputs of WG6 and the FEAST members made the following seven presentations. CS03-02: The wild food basket: recreating urban and rural ecosystems as food sources Chair: Norie Tamura Enhancing food security beyond access to formal …

Informal Food System(s) Sessions at AAG2018

FEAST HQ WG6_Publications

On April 10-14th 2018, the annual meeting of the American Association of Geographers was held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. FEAST organized three sessions on informal food system(s) and the team members made five presentations as follow: The other food system(s): informal, non-monetary and alternative food practices I The other food system(s): informal, non-monetary and alternative food practices II The other food system(s): informal, non-monetary and alternative food practices III 1.“Food and informality: conceptualizing the other food system(s)” Christoph Rupprecht Alternative food practices challenging the dominant image of food as a commodity. From gardening to gathering, sharing to bartering, such practices traverse gradients from legal to illegal, regulated to unregulated, …

Mapping urban food production sessions at AAG2018

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

On April 10-14th 2018, the annual meeting of the American Association of Geographers was held in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. FEAST organized two sessions on “Mapping urban food production” and the members also made two presentations. Mapping urban food production I Mapping urban food production I 1. “Assessing supply-demand balance of nitrogen toward local-scale organic material circulation: a case study of suburban residential district in Metro Manila” Yuji Hara, Yuki Sampei This study focused on assessing supply-demand balance of nitrogen in compost/vegetable productions at vacant lots in subdivisions as well as in barangays, in Quezon City in Metro Manila. We obtained data on the recommended rate of fertilizer application per …

BitSummit Game Jam 2019 at RIHN! (Kazuhiko Ota, Project Researcher)

FEAST HQ Report, Seminar & Workshop

Two-day long BitSummit Game Jam 2019 was held at RIHN on May 11th and 12th in collaboration with Skelton Crew Studio Co., Ltd, a game development company based in Kyoto. “Game Jam” is an event where participants are grouped into different teams on the spot to develop a game within a limited timeframe. About 50 students who are currently studying game creation in and around Kyoto joined this event, and spent 17hrs plus (some stayed up overnight) making a total of eight digital games with the theme of “konzen ittai (to form a complete whole)”. This was the second game jam event held at RIHN, but the first to develop …

Envisioning ideal future school lunches (Steven McGreevy, Project Leader)

FEAST HQ Events, Report, Seminar & Workshop

On March 24th, 2019 a group of around 50 people of all ages gathered in Obuse Town, Nagano Pref., to envision the ideal school lunch thirty years in the future. The event represented one of the first steps for a new civic food network, the Obuse Food Policy Council (Shoku to Nou no Mirai Kaigi), to develop food policy together. FEAST has been working in Northern Nagano Prefecture for some time and partnered with Obuse Food Policy Council in the development of the event. FEAST also partnered with  the NAGANO Nou to Shoku no Kai NPO (NAGANO農と食の会), the Seikatsu Club Obuse Branch (生活クラブ小布施支部), and the Food Literacy and Experiential Education …

JILA Special Issue “Trends in the landscapes of post-growth societies: The potential of degrowth”

FEAST HQ WG6_Publications

Special Issue “Trends in the landscapes of post-growth societies: The potential of degrowth” of Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture (Vol.83-01) was published in March, 2019. “Degrowth” is a political, economic and social movement based on ecological economics, and an economic strategy responding to the limits-to-growth dilemma, and receives attentions as it has an implication for alternative ways that local communities can take. Christoph Rupprecht, FEAST Senior Project Researcher, is on the editorial committee and FEAST contributed with six papers as follows: Impressions from the Sweden and Mexico Degrowth Conference: Norie Tamura, Christoph Rupprecht (in Japanese) Degrowth and Landscape: Christoph Rupprecht (in Japanese) Beyond Public and Private: a …

Discussing policies for the Kyoto bee-scape at the 38 Café (Maximilian Spiegelberg & Rika Shinkai, Project Researchers & Christoph Rupprecht, Senior Project Researcher)

FEAST HQ Report, Seminar & Workshop, WG3

On February 27th, we invited the bee-stakeholders of Kyoto to the event 38 Café (Mitsubachi Café) “Let’s make a bee-friendly Kyoto City”. Bee-stakeholders are not just beekeepers taking directly care of honeybees, but include all the people affected directly or indirectly by the existence of bees. That can be the farmer needing pollination, or the bird lover interested in a healthy habitat, the city officer called-up regularly by citizens to remove beehives or the educator teaching about food or the environment. The goal of the workshop was to have this diverse group of actors exchange over possible bee-supporting policies and activities in Kyoto and ideally building a more coherent and …

School lunch session of Japan Organic Agriculture Association (Fumi Iwashima, Doshisha University/then-Project Research Associate)

FEAST HQ Events, Report, Seminar & Workshop, WG2

On February 23rd, the General Meeting of Japan Organic Agriculture Association was held at Ayaha Lakeside Hotel in Shiga Prefecture, at which Prof. Motoki Akitsu from Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, FEAST WG2 Chair, and I organized a session “Making school lunch organic” in the afternoon. To our great surprise, more than 30 people joined, which exceeded the fixed number and contributed to a lively session. The session started off with a presentation by Prof. Akitsu, “Starting a food reform from school lunch”. He brought up a broader meaning that school lunch casts on the society, more than just a meal for children that shall be safe and delicious. …

The 23rd RIHN Regional Seminar "Towards bee-friendly cities – co-creating urban futures" @Nakagyo Ward Office (Maximilian Spiegelberg, FEAST Project Researcher; Rika Shinkai, RIHN Visiting Researcher; Aoi Kimura, RIHN PR Section; Yasuhisa Kondo, RIHN Open Team Science PL; Christoph Rupprecht, FEAST Senior Researcher)

FEAST HQ Events, Report, Seminar & Workshop

FEAST bee team together with Nakagyo Ward Office, RIHN PR Section and Open Team Science Project organized the 23rd RIHN Regional Community Seminar “Towards bee-friendly cities – co-creating urban futures” at Nakagyo Ward Office on November 4th. Kyoto Branch of Wild Bird Society of Japan and Public Interest Incorporated Association Kyoto City Greenery Association also played a vital part in this event as partners, and Japanese-Bee Weekend Beekeepers Club, NPO Citizens Environmental Foundation, Horikawa Midorino Machizukuri Kai (Horikawa re-greening club) and Rakusai Shizen Nouen (Rakusai natural farm) as supporters. When the participants list filled up quickly during the registration period, we already got a hint that alike many other cities …