The American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 (Mai Kobayashi, Daniel Niles)

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

The American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting 2019 was held in Washington D.C. from April 3rd to 7th, 2019, which the FEAST team of Christoph Rupprecht (FEAST Senior Project Researcher), Mai Kobayashi (FEAST Project Researcher) and Daniel Niles (RIHN Associate Professor/FEAST member) had an opportunity to join and present the research outputs. You can find their abstracts (except for Rupprecht’s in “WG6 Publications and Outputs“). The blog post is also available from this link. Meat in a post-development world: insights from Bhutan Mai Kobayashi With Gross National Happiness a globally recognized concept, one could say Bhutan is an experimental laboratory for post-development theories. In an effort to meet Bhutan’s socio-cultural, …

An Article by the Mitsubachi Team published on Kyoto Shimbun (2019/8/14)

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

An article “Co-designing the future with honeybees” by the Mitsubachi Team was published on Kyoto Shimbun (Evening Edition) as a serial article of “RIHN Field Notes” on the 14th of August, 2019. The following is the original full text in Japanese. 上賀茂発 地球研フィールドノート(連載)⑤ミツバチと共に未来を作る:生態系へ視野広げ 優しい街に(真貝理香、マキシミリアン・スピーゲルバーグ、クリストフ・ルプレヒト) 今年4月の仏パリのノートルダム大聖堂の火災の折、聖堂屋上で飼育されていた三つの巣箱のミツバチが無事であったというニュースを聞いて、「そんなところで養蜂?」と驚いた人もいるかもしれない。パリは、都市養蜂が盛んで、オペラ座屋上の養蜂も有名だ。ヨーロッパにおいては一般に、ミツバチは極めて身近な生き物で、ドイツでは、「ミツバチは大事な昆虫」であるということを、小学生の頃から学ぶ。また、街の公園にもミツバチの巣箱が置かれたり、スーパーには、必ず地元産のハチミツが売られたりしている。 ミツバチを含め、ポリネーターと呼ばれる花粉媒介昆虫は、生態系の中で、極めて重要な役割を担う。農作物の受粉はもとより、樹木の受粉、すなわち森の涵養にも寄与するからだ。近年の、世界的なミツバチや昆虫減少のニュースを受け、今春、ドイツのバイエルン州では、「Rettet die Bienen(ミツバチを救え)」の名のもとに、「昆虫保護法」請願運動が市民から起こり、175万人︎もの署名が集まった。請願で提案された法案は7月に州議会で採決され、その内容は、農薬不使用農地の拡大や、蜜源植物の確保、川や水路を農薬・肥料の汚染から守るといった様々な政策を含むものであった。こうした運動の背景には、昆虫保護が人々の生活にも直結するという市民の共通認識があったと言えよう。 <養蜂通じ緑化推進> われわれ3人は、人間とミツバチ、環境との関わりを社会科学的な側面から調査研究しているが、残念ながら、日本の学校教育では、ミツバチについて詳しい学習をする機会はあまりないようだ。日本には、野生のニホンミツバチと、明治期に導入されたセイヨウミツバチの2種が存在するが、セイヨウミツバチの方が採蜜量が格段に多いため、市販のハチミツのほとんどは、セイヨウミツバチによるものだ。そのことを知っている人も少ないのではないだろうか。私たちは京都市民を対象に、ミツバチや昆虫に関する意識調査を実施したことがあるが、アンケート結果から得られた一般市民の意識は、やはり「ハチは怖い」「ムシは嫌い」であった。一方で、養蜂家を対象とした調査では、実に多くが「ミツバチから、今まで気づかなかった自然や生態系について様々なことを学んだ」と、回答している。ミツバチのことを学び、ミツバチの目で社会をみると、身近な花々や街路樹や森の植生、さらにはミツバチ以外の昆虫や鳥類との関係など、今まで見えなかった生態系が見えて来る。近年日本でも、ミツバチ・プロジェクトと呼ばれる養蜂を通じた環境学習、緑化推進、ハチミツの地域・プロジェクトブランディングなどが、各地で行われるようになった。 <人間も住みやすい> 一般にミツバチ・プロジェクトでは、セイヨウミツバチが飼育されることが多いが、京都市中京区役所の屋上では、ニホンミツバチが飼育されている。私たち地球研でも、今春より、2群のニホンミツバチを飼育し始めた。ニホンミツバチは、活動半径が約2キロと小さく、蜜源不足など、生息に不適な状況が起こると、新たな巣の場所を探し逃去するという性質を持つため、環境指標としても有効だからだ。ニホンミツバチは、もともと山間部に多く生息するが、都市部においては、河川敷の雑草や街路樹、雑木の小さな蜜源植物にも訪花する。四方を山に囲まれた京都市では、京都御苑を中心に多くの寺社、府立植物園などもある。古都京都の花々を、ミツバチが訪れる風景を想像するのは楽しいが、その群が周年に渡って生存するためには、春〜秋にかけて次々と、絶えず花が咲く環境が必要で、これはまさに、生物多様性にもつながっていく。また、ミツバチや他の昆虫にとっても害となる農薬使用をゼロに近く減らしていくことも重要になる。気候変動がもたらす夏の酷暑もミツバチには強敵で、ヒートアイランドを軽減する緑豊かな環境は、ミツバチにとっても人間にとっても住みやすい環境なのだ。 昨年来、私たちは「京都をミツバチに優しい街に」というフレーズのもと、セミナーやワークショップなど、様々な活動を市民の皆さんと行ってきた。その中で重要としてきたのは、ミツバチや昆虫への意識を高めること、そしてミツバチをシンボルとしつつも、そこから広がる生態系へのビジョンを、農業や緑化を含めた街づくりへと展開することであった。ミツバチに関わる事象は、「他人事」ではなく、すべての人の「自分事」である。ミツバチよって開かれた目が、大小さまざまな活動となり声となり、社会や政策にもつながっていくことを願っている。第2水曜に掲載します。

FEAST Session at GRF2019 in Hong Kong

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications, WG3_Publications, WG6_Publications

From June 26th to 29th, 2019, “2019 Hong Kong Global Research Forum on Sustainable Production and Consumption” was organized at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. At GRF, Steven McGreevy, FEAST project leader, chaired two sessions “Session 2d: Changing Personal and Public Consumption: Experiences and Movements (S-15)” on the 27th and “Session 4a: Food Futures in Asia: Imagining and Experimenting with Post-Growth Food Procurement and Consumption to Redefine Rural-Urban Linkages (S-06)” as well as Keynotes session also on the 29th. And, FEAST team gave presentations at the session on the 29th as follows. Session title: Food futures in Asia: imagining and experimenting with post-growth food procurement and consumption …

“International Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture: Voices from Shinshu” in Nagano

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

On June 2nd, 2019, “International Symposium on Sustainable Agriculture: Voices from Shinshu” was held at Kinrou Josei Kaikan Shinanoki in Nagano City, Nagano Prefecture. Following the opening remarks by Mr. Takuei Katsuyama, Director of Nagano-ken Yuki Nougyou Kenkyukai, and a talk by Prof. Steven McGreevy, FEAST Project Leader, “Environmentally and economically sustainable Shinshu: Food and agriculture”, Prof. Miguel Altieri from University of California, Berkeley gave a keynote speech “Why agroecology now?”. He introduced various cases of agroecological practices in Latin America such as application of allelopathy in lieu of plastic mulch. The following panel discussion started off with Ms. Erika Saito’s self-introduction who started organic farming in Matsumoto City after …

Presenting Research Outcome on Reevaluation of Peasantry at the 66th General Assembly of the Japanese Association for Rural Studies

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

Steven McGreevy, FEAST Project Leader, together with Mr. Naoya Matsudaira, our project member, joined “the 66th General Assembly of the Japanese Association for Rural Studies” in Takachiho in Miyazaki Pref. from October 26th to 28th, 2018, at which they had an opportunity to present their research entitled “the international and Japanese trends of reevaluations of peasantry: the similarities and differences”. <Abstract> The United Nations General Assembly 2017 highlighted the importance of family farming, which produces approximately 80% of food on this planet and officially declared “the Decade of Family Farming” from 2019 to 2028. However, whether family farming can survive in the years to come still remains uncertain, and the …

Presenting Research Outcome on Beekeeping in Japan at Asian Apicultural Association conference 2018

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

Maximilian Spiegelberg, FEEAST Project researcher, joined “Asian Apicultural Association Conference: Bees, Environment and Sustainability” which took place in Jakarta, Indonesia from Oct 22nd to 25th. This conference brought together researchers, beekeeper, and trader from across Asia. A lot of the sessions focused on natural science aspects and did include all kinds of honeybees present in Asia. He presented on his Japanese case studies entitled “The new force of beekeeping is an old one: about hobby beekeepers in Japan”. The new force of beekeeping is an old one – About hobby beekeepers in Japan Research background Beekeeping in Japan can be divided into hobby, semi-professional, and professional practice. While professional beekeepers …

Peer-reviewed paper on new farmers published in Canadian Journal of Development Studies

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

A peer-reviewed research paper on new farmers “Agrarian pathways for the next generation of Japanese farmers” by Steven McGreevy (Project Leader), Mai Kobayashi (Project Researcher) and Keiko Tanaka (WG3 Member/University of Kentucky) was published in Canadian Journal of Development Studies (Sep 2018). <Abstract> Japanese agriculture and rural communities are in decline and fewer young people are becoming farmers. Young heritage farmers and a new generation from non-farming families face multiple barriers to pursue farming as their profession or way of life. Using mixed methods, we examine cases of new farmers establishing themselves in Kyoto and Nagano, Japan. We uncover and analyse a set of representative pathways travelled by new farmers …

Research Papers and Interview Article in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

Three papers and one interview article as WG3 research outputs were published in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture Vol.81, No.3 (Oct 2017). “Learning from GIAHS Landscapes” Daniel Niles (RIHN) p.260-p.263 “Conserving Local Crop Varieties – Cases from Iwaizumi-cho, Iwate Prefecture and Nanbu-cho, Aomori Prefecture” Ayako Kawi (Australian National University) p.272-273 “Expanding the Utilization of Wild Life Meat from the Viewpoint of Local Food System: A Case from Kushiro City” Norie Tamura (RIHN-FEAST) p.274-277 “Birthing a Small Economy – an Interview with the Representative of Kyoto Farmer’s Market” Interviewee: Atsuko Isaki, Interviewer: Mai Kobayashi (RIHN-FEAST) p.278-281    

Report on the“International Workshop: Sustainable Development and Commons in East Asia” in RIHN Humanity&Nature Newsletter

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

On the 11th and 12th of February, the“International Workshop: Sustainable Development and Commons in East Asia” was held in Kyoto, inviting researchers from SSK Research Center on the Commons and Sustainable Society, Jeju National University in Korea and Prof. Margaret Mackean, the inductee of the 9th Earth Hall of Fame Kyoto. With the objective to share history, current situation and challenges of the commons in Japan and Korea, advance understanding, explore how the study of the commons will develop in East Asia, which may ultimately provide implications for a sustainable society, the spirit of the discussion was high for the entire two days! Norie Tamura, Senior Project Researcher, contributed the report …

Paper on wild meat utilization published in "Nogyou to Keizai (Agriculture and Economy)"

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

A special topic on the potential of utilizing gibier (wild meat) was featured in “Nogyou to Keizai (Agriculture and Economy)” Vol. 84, No.6, in which an article “Distribution and consumption of wild meat in Japan: Creating a local food system*” by Norie Tamura (Project Senior Researcher/WG3 Chair) was published. In her article, she pointed out that utilization of wild meat may serve a double purpose of wildlife management and regional development, but at the same time, there are a number of issues that require careful considerations. She, therefore, laid out those issues to understand what needs to be considered to create an efficient and sustainable system to utilize wild meat. …

The 1st RIHN/UCB International Workshop (Norie Tamura, Mai Kobayashi, Daniel Niles)

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

On November 6-7th,  the first RIH/UCB International Workshop “Food, Agriculture, and Human Impacts on the Environment: Japan, Asia and Beyond” to commemorate the signing of a memorandum of understanding was held on the Berkeley campus. Norie Tamura (WG 3 Chair/Senior Researcher), Mai Kobayashi (Project Researcher) and Daniel Niles (Associate Professor) gave talks on the WG3 research outputs as follows: Part I. Food and Agriculture Session 2. Organic agriculture and scale: Balancing environmental and consumer demands Mai Kobayashi | What we see from Bhutan and its relationship with ‘organic’ agriculture Bhutan has been portrayed as a “lighthouse” in the world of organic agriculture since its announcement to go 100% organic at …

Norie Tamura gave a lecture at NPO Senior Shizen Daigakkou lecture series (2017/08/26)

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

NPO Senior Shizen Daigakkou based in Osaka promotes environmental education and sociocultural activities. As a part of these activities, Professor Emeritus Masaru Tanaka at Kyoto University coordinates a lecture series of “Shizengaku (nature studies)” regarding the global environment. The 9th of its series in 2017 was held on August 26th at which Norie Tamura, WG3 Chair, gave a lecture entitled “Shoku wo meguru shohi to seisan no arubeki sugata (how food consumption and production should be)”. As many as 164 pax, mainly the members of NPO, participated this time. The lecture started off with what kind of environmental impacts are caused by food production, distribution and consumption, how the current …

GIAHS fieldwork report on Humanity&Nature Newsletter No. 67

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

The report on fieldwork that Norie Tamura, WG3 Chair conducted at GIAHS site – Takachihogo-Shiibayama Mountainous Agriculture and Forestry System – in Miyazaki Prefecture was published on Humanity&Nature Newsletter No. 67. The GIAHS designation recognizes the value of what local residents see as a part of their everyday life at the international level. Yet, the great significance of GIAHS lies in its potential to link more recent knowledge and technologies to local/traditional livelihood and explore the brighter future, says Tamura. Please check the article (p.5~6) from the following link (Japanese only). Humanity&Nature Newsletter No. 67  

XVI Biennial IASC-Conference in Utrecht, the Netherlands

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

Norie Tamura, Senior Project Researcher and Mai Kobayashi, Project Researcher took part in XVI Biennial International Association for the Study of the Commons-Conference held in Utrecht, the Netherlands from July 10th to 14th, 2017, at which they presented on the following topics. Norie Tamura and Mikitaro Shobayashi “Analyzing differences in how small-scale farming and local commons are viewed between central and local governments: A case study in Japan” Mai Kobayashi “Bhutan’s fertility transition: organic agriculture and the adaptation of peasant farmers in the Himalayan Kingdom” Abstract: Efforts towards agricultural modernization in Bhutan officially started in the 1960s after the opening of its borders to the outside world. Since then, national …